In 1560 the bishops and magistrates embraced Protestantism, expelled the monks, and demolished the cathedral.The team gained promotion from the Pro D2 competition for the 200607 Top 14 season.

The town has been classified "Ville dart et dhistoire" (City of art and history) since 2015.Montauban is the most populated town in Tarn-et-Garonne, and the sixth most populated of Occitanie behind Toulouse, Montpellier, Nîmes, Perpignan and Béziers.

Its fortifications have been replaced by boulevards beyond which extend numerous suburbs, while on the left bank of the Tarn is the suburb of Villebourbon, which is connected to the town by a remarkable bridge of the early 14th century.Salle du Prince Noir ). .During World War II, Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa was briefly hidden in a secret vault behind a wine cellar at Montauban.